Cross River, with capital at Calabar, is one of the oldest geopolitical sub-units in Nigeria. Its history dates back to the period of Old Calabar when it was the second most important port, behind Lagos before and during the British colonial era.
As a State under independent Nigeria, Its precursor, the South-Eastern State, was created on May 27, 1967 out of the former Eastern Region by the General Yakubu Gowon military dictatorship.
Its name was changed to Cross River State during the 1976 state creation under the General Murtala Mohammed led military junta. The present day Akwa Ibom State was excised from it in the subsequent state creation exercise of September 1987 under the military regime of General Ibrahim Babangida.
Lying between latitudes 40. 28′ and 60.55′ North of the Equator and longitude70. 50′ and 90. 28′ East of the Greenwich meridian, present day Cross River state covers a land mass of 23,074km2. It also lies within the catchment of the Cross River which courses down the Cameroun Mountain, across the flat Cross River Basin finally emptying into a vast estuary located along the southern Nigeria-Cameroun border.
The state shares its borders with Benue State to the north, Akwa Ibom State to the South, the Republic of Cameroun to the east and Anambra and Imo States to the East. 32% of the State’s landscape represents the world’s second-largest most preserved rain- forests. The Afi Mountain Nature Reserve is one of the last remaining reserves and tropical rain forests in West Africa and home to the most successful rehabilitation for Drill Monkeys in the world today.
The population of Cross River state according to the National Population Commission is about 2,892,988- (Male: 1,471,967; Female: 1,421,021). Agriculture remains the largest employer of labor in the state, employing about 80% of the population. It also contributes about 40 percent to the gross domestic products, GDP, of the State.
Cross River State is naturally one of the hotspot of the Nigerian tourism industry with its many beautiful nature Scenes. Instructively, the Cross River National Park incorporates a large area of tropical rain forest on the southeastern axis of Nigeria between the Cross River State and the Republic of Cameroun border. The park is now the only protected forest area in the rainforest region of Nigeria. Animal species to be found in the park include antelopes, chimpanzees, high forest monkeys, Buffaloes, monkeys, high forest elephants, manatees and the bush pigs. Others are baboons, leopards, and gorillas, some of which are endangered. The famous Obudu Cattle Ranch Resort and Tinapa- Nigeria’s first Free Trade Zone centre are all located in Cross River State.
Currently, the State owes its legal existence to the provisions of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. As a State, it is constitutionally mandated to establish:
The Cross River State legal system comprises;
Sources of Cross River State Legal System include:
CROSS RIVER STATE BY LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREAS