Enugu once referred to the capital of the defunct East Central State of Nigeria until it was adopted as the name of a new State created on 27 August 1991 out of the old Anambra State by the General Ibrahim Babangida led military dictatorship.
The capital of the State is known as Enugu City , a town which was established in 1912 as a small coal mining town, but later grew to become the capital of the defunct Eastern Region of Nigeria.
Covering about 7,161km2, the State is bounded by Abia and Imo States to the south, Kogi to the North, Anambra to the west while Benue and Ebonyi States bring up its eastern boundary. Its population, according to recent estimate from the National Population Commission, stands at 3,267,837- (Male: 1,596,042; Female: 1,671,795).
In spite of its historical association with coal-mining, agriculture remains the main employer of labor in the State contributing significantly to the economy of the State. Yam tubers, palm produce and rice are the main agriculture produce. Until the discovery of oil in commercial quantities, coal had been the main mineral resource in the State.
Currently, the State owes its legal existence to the provisions of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. As a State, it is constitutionally mandated to establish:
1. an Executive arm of government headed by an elected Governor;
2. a legislative arm of government which members shall be drawn from constituencies defined in the Constitution. Its activities are presided over by a Speaker elected by the members of the State House of Assembly which oversees the exercise of the State’s legislative energies;
3. a judicial arm made up of judges, magistrates and other officers that help in the administration of justice and related activities within the State. The judicial arm is headed by the State’s Chief Justice. Nonetheless, judicial pronouncement of the State’s tribunals are subject to the appellate review of the Court of Appeal and the Supreme Court of Nigeria, in that order;
4. the Local Government level of governance within the State. Presently, the Nigerian Constitution prescribes 17 Local Government Areas for the State; and
5. and mobilize the powers of the State, the institutions and resources of its arms and levels of government in order to secure a socio-economic environment for persons resident in the State and its other stakeholders to pursue legitimate goals in dignity under the State’s justice administration umbrella.
The Enugu State legal system comprises;
Sources of law for the Enugu State Legal System include:
ENUGU STATE BY LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREAS