Gombe State, with capital at Gombe State, was created on 1 October 1996 under the military dictatorship of General Sanni Abacha out of the former Bauchi State.
Lying between latitude 9o30lN and longitudes 8o45l and 11o45lE of the Greenwich Meridian, the State’s 18,768km2 land mass is bounded by Borno State to the east, Adamawa and Taraba States to the south, Yobe State to the north and Bauchi State to the west.
The population of Gombe State according to National Population Commission estimate is 2,365,040. The people of the State are mainly farmers. Crops produced in the State include food crops such as yam, cassava, maize, tomato, and groundnut. The major cash crop produced cotton. Mineral resources produced in the State include Uranium, gypsum, and limestone.
Currently, the State owes its legal existence to the provisions of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. As a State, it is constitutionally mandated to establish:
1. an Executive arm of government headed by an elected Governor;
2. a legislative arm of government which members shall be drawn from constituencies defined in the Constitution. Its activities are presided over by a Speaker elected by the members of the State House of Assembly which oversees the exercise of the State’s legislative energies;
3. a judicial arm made up of judges, magistrates and other officers that help in the administration of justice and related activities within the State. The judicial arm is headed by the State’s Chief Justice. Nonetheless, judicial pronouncement of the State’s tribunals are subject to the appellate review of the Court of Appeal and the Supreme Court of Nigeria, in that order;
4. the Local Government level of governance. Presently, the Nigerian Constitution prescribes 11 local Local Government Areas for the State; and
5. and mobilize the powers of the State, the institutions and resources of its arms and levels of government in order to secure a socio-economic environment for persons resident in the State and its other stakeholders to pursue legitimate goals in dignity under the State’s justice administration umbrella.
The Gombe State legal system comprises;
Sources of Law for the Gombe State Legal System include:
GOMBE STATE BY LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREAS